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篇名 親密與逃避的雙重需求:跨國母職的傳播科技選用
Virtual intimacy or online surveillance? ICT-mediated family communication in birth tourism
作者 康庭瑜
中文摘要

透過訪談曾赴美參與生育旅遊經驗的女性,本研究指出,在這類跨國家庭的母職經驗裡,傳播科技的使用扮演了多重的角色。第一,受訪者在懷孕、生產和產後初生嬰兒照護階段中多數時間與其它家庭成員跨國分居,她們使用各種傳播科技創造出虛擬的共存(virtual co-presence),滿足生育階段時的數種情感需求。第二,虛擬的共存對於這些跨國生育女性來說,同時也是一種情感勞動。第三,透過虛擬的共存,懷孕女性的身體也在跨國家庭通訊中被監控。

英文摘要

ocusing on the context of birth tourism from Taiwan to the USA, this article examines how uses of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are embedded in the changing expectations of motherhood brought about by transnationally split family structure. Based on in-depth interviews with Taiwanese women who have participated in birth tourism to the USA, the findings suggest the significance of ICT uses in the context of birth tourism where expecting mothers are largely separated from other family members throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and postnatal care. Firstly, the interviewees rely on various ICTs to create the experience of virtual co-presence, which serves to satisfy their emotional and physical needs during pregnancy, childbirth, and postnatal care. Secondly, uses of ICTs also serve as emotional labour for expectant mothers as pregnant bodies have become the “spectacle of family intimacy”. Thirdly, pregnant bodies are subject to surveillance in virtual co-presence in this context.

中文關鍵詞 性別; 母職; 生育勞動; 跨國家庭; 傳播科技
英文關鍵詞 gender; motherhood; reproductive labor; transnational family; ICT
發表日期 2016/06/18
授權狀況 已授權
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