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篇名 國族認同與媒體論述的建構─以音樂人侯德健潛赴大陸事件為例
The Construction of National Identity and Media Discourse─ The Case of Songwriter Hou Dejian’s Return to China.
作者 楊鎵民
中文摘要

1980年代初期的台灣,是國民黨威權統治面臨危機,且黨外政治運動逐漸挑戰政權正統性的關鍵時期。在國民黨政權長期壟斷詮釋的中國文化道統受到黨外人士挑戰下,台灣意識的建構也在這個時期逐步地具體化。1983 年發生的「侯德健潛返大陸」事件,正處於這個微妙的社會脈絡。侯德健個人投奔對岸的舉動,除了暴露冷戰時期國共分野、對立下,政治化的國族意識本身的偏狹;事件的餘波,在後來更引發黨外媒體的「台灣意識論戰」。本研究以此事件為個案,探究當時的主流報紙與黨外政論雜誌如何將此事件論述化。透過運用Norman Fairclough 論述分析的三層架構:社會事件、社會實踐、社會結構,本研究試圖彰顯當時不同政治光譜的新聞報導與評論的論述實踐、背後的意識形態,以及其所再現的社會面貌。本研究發現,主流報業與黨外雜誌關於此事件的報導及評論,展現了戒嚴時期政治控制程度所造成的再現差異。主流紙媒在事件發生初期普遍輕描淡寫,意圖將侯德健的出走個人動機化,避談背後涉及的國族認同情結。黨外雜誌則對於侯德健的認同情節有較多的著墨,但由此情結所引發的國族認同意涵,則參雜了中國意識與台灣主體認同的混雜情感。

英文摘要

In the 1980s, Kuomintang (KMT) authoritarian regime faced its crisis, and Tangwai movement (黨外運動) was gradually challenging the government legitimacy. At the same time, the challenge from Tangwai people was also threatening the orthodox interpretation on the Chinese culture, which had been controlled by KMT for a long time. During this period, the construction of Taiwanese Consciousness (台灣意識) was gradually embodied. The issue of Hou Dejian’s (侯德健) return to China not only revealed the confrontation between KMT and Communist Party of China during the Cold War, but also reflected the intolerance of the politicized national consciousness. Furthermore, it resulted in the event known as the “Debate on Taiwanese Consciousness (台灣意識論戰)”. This essay focuses on how mainstream newspapers and Tangwai magazines (黨外雜誌) form their discourses on the event. In order to highlight different political tendency of news, ideology, and social context through media’s discourses, applying Fairclough’s three levels of social analysis: social events, social practices, and social structures. The article suggests that their representation of this event was various due to the unequal degree of political control between mainstream newspapers and Tangwai magazines in the period of martial law. At the beginning of this event, mainstream newspapers generally understated Hou’s return. They tended to personalize the motivation of Hou’s return, and avoided mentioning the complex of his national identity. On the contrary, Tangwai magazines used a lot of space to discuss Hou’s national identity complex, and the complex resulted in the complicated emotions of national identity between Chinese Consciousness (中國意識) and Taiwanese Consciousness.

中文關鍵詞 國族認同、媒體論述、中國意識、台灣意識、台灣意識論戰
英文關鍵詞 national identity, media discourse, China consciousness, Taiwanese consciousness, Debate on Taiwanese Consciousness
發表日期 2015/7/3
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