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篇名 記者的共謀-電視記者會稿文本論述分析
A Conspiracy of Silence: about ’Information Exchanging Mechanism ’ among TV Journalists in Taiwan
作者 曾喜松
中文摘要 台灣的電視記者近年來利用 MSN 平台,進行團體情報交換,稱之為「會稿」。本文以論述分析方法分析會稿文本,發現都存在著基本論述架構。從這個文本架構中發現,記者多方的坦白己方情報,以獲得團體的信賴,表面上對記者和組織有利,但實際上卻讓會稿記者失去自由和組織的競爭力,也造成了各台新聞的互文性。其採取的言談行動搭橋(bridging),容易造成各台的聯合採訪行為,造成新聞的同質化。資淺記者傾向全盤托出己方情報,資深記者採取少話策略,但是在道德上卻仍然背負著未來返還的義務。
英文摘要 An unprecedented group, named ‘Information Exchanging Mechanism ’, is formed among TV journalists in Taiwan, every beat respectively, through the internet platform MSN. This article analyzes 30 texts, in the way of discourse analysis, and finds out that there is a primary discourse structure existing in the mechanism. Journalists tend to profess all the information to win trust in the group. The advantage ostensibly is that journalists can grasp all the information in very short time, but the disadvantage is actually damaging to the ethics. The speech act ’bridging ’ tends to arise during
information exchanging, and make journalists cover the same issue. The novel journalist tends to present all the information as he could, and the senior to say little but still has to recourse the credit-debt some other day.
中文關鍵詞 會稿、論述分析、交換、電視記者、MSN
英文關鍵詞 Information Exchanging Mechanism, MSN, TV, Discourse Analysis, Bridging
發表日期 2011-07-05
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